There are two terms that you will come across when diving into the world of coffee. You’ll come across these terms a lot: ‘Single Origin Coffee’ and ‘Blend of Coffee’. But what’s the real distinction between them?
A blend of coffee simply means that a coffee roaster blends two different single-origin coffee beans to create a unique cup of coffee. This will give you a distinct flavor from each single-origin coffee.
Single-origin coffee beans, as their name suggests, are only from one source. They are not necessarily from one country, such as Kenya, but only one “plot”. This means that beans from the same crop are graded and harvested at the same moment, washed together, and so forth.
Some coffee companies will claim that a single origin is one from the same country. However, coffee beans will grow in different environments because different countries have very different climates. Brazil is an example of this. A micro-plot could be found in a rain forest or on the side of a high mountain, both of which are vital to the production process of the green bean.
Blending Isn’t Always Good.
Because our coffee roasting revolves around the high-quality coffee bean, we are focusing at the moment only on single-source coffee.
Blends were created historically to mask the taste of the beans, and to create a dark roast. Blends can be made using robusta coffee, which is essentially a bag filler.
It’s an efficient bean that can increase profit margins. It’s not surprising that coffee giants use robusta coffee to increase their profits because of its low price. Because robusta coffee was used early in the coffee-shop development, it has meant that our palettes haven’t been exposed to specialty coffee’s richer notes. The initial taste might seem strange to someone who hasn’t had the pleasure of high-quality coffee before.
Blending Specialty Beans With Other Beans
Blends of high-quality coffee beans are common in specialty communities. They can create unique profiles and blends. This involves tasting all the coffees to determine their uniqueness and choosing the right pairing.
A specialty blend is created by selecting single-origin coffees, deciding how they will pair together, determining the proportionality, roasting the batch, and tasting it using the cupping technique. Once you’re satisfied with the blend and the proportions, you can accurately profile the coffee. Keep a record of your favorite characteristics.
A specialty blend is something that cafes may want to create to offer something new to customers. Although it’s a selling point, it can also be quite expensive as the process of finding the right blend takes time.
Wholesale Coffee Blends
We are frequently asked by coffee shop owners if they would like to create a special blend. We’ve shown that blends of coffee don’t necessarily have to be bad. However, it’s possible to create a unique blend if you take the time to highlight two different single-origin coffee beans. Problem is that coffee roasters can supply a generic specialty coffee blend and label it as a unique coffee blend.